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Prof M. Sivakami .

Professor , Mumbai campus

Centre for Health and Social Sciences , School of Health Systems Studies

Ph.D. (Bharathiar University)

Sivakami is Professor in the School of Health Systems Studies (SHSS), Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai. Since June 2015, she is also the Chairperson of the Centre for Health and Social Sciences, one of the four centres in SHSS. Prior to joining TISS, she was Associate Professor and Assistant Professor at the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore. Sivakami joined TISS in 2010 as Associate Professor.

Sivakami broadly works in the area of Demography, Gender and Health. She was trained as a quantitative researcher and has vast experience in conducting large scale surveys like GATS, NFHS and DLHS. Over a period of time, she has also gained experience in conducting qualitative research studies. More recently, most of her research involves a mixed methodology approach. She has published widely in peer reviewed national and international journals such as the Lancet, BMJ Global Health, BMJ Open, Jounral of Global Health, Journal of Biosocial Science, Asian Population Studies, Health Transition Review, Economic and Political Weekly, Demography India and Sociological Bulletin amongst others.

Most recently, she has been inducted in the PLOS Global Public Health as Academic Editor for  SRHR section. She has also been inducted as member of Editorial Board for the journal BMC-Women's Midlife Health.

She has received research grants from major national and international funding organisations including the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, ICMR, UNFPA, UNICEF, MRC (UK) and ESRC (UK)  amongst others. Sivakami was awarded the "Linnaeus-Palme Fellowship" in 2015 to visit Karolinska Institute, Sweden. She was also awarded a “Global Spotlight International Research Seed Grant” in 2014 from the University of Minnesota, USA. Sivakami was a recipient of the Dr. C. Chandrasekaran Award in 2000 for the best paper (titled “Does Maternal Employment Influence Child Care and Morbidity?  Evidence from Poor Populations”) presented by a young demographer at the Millennium Conference on Population Development and Environmental Nexus (XXIII Annual Conference of the IASP held at New Delhi).

Sivakami has MA., Ph.D in Population Studies from Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. The title of her Ph.D work was “Mother’s Work Participation and Child Health: A Study in Poor Localities in Tamil Nadu, India”.


Sivakami's broad research area includes Demography, Gender and Health. Her specific research areas of interest include Sexual and Reproductive Health including Menarche and Menstrual Hygiene; Migration  and Health;  Maternal and Child Health; Issues around Childlessness and Menopause; Health Consequences of Gender Based Violence; Impact of Programs and Polices Related to Health with gender focus.

Journal articles and chapters in books (since 2010)

  1. Sharma S and Sivakami M. 2021. Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents with Disability: A Synthesis of Global Evidence and Possible Solutions for India. In: Rugoho T and  Maphosa F. (eds) Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents with Disabilities. Palgrave Macmillan.
  2. Kanougiya S, Daruwalla N, Gram, L. Gupta A D, Sivakami M, Osrin D. 2021. Economic Abuse and its Associations with Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders among Women in a Cross-Sectional Survey in Informal Settlements in Mumbai, India. BMC Public Health. 21, 842 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10904-8
  3. Raghavan R., Coope J., Brown B., Sivakami M., Jamwal S., Pendse T. (2021) The Untold Story of Mental Health and Resilience of Internal Migrants in India. In: Bhugra D., Moussaoui D., Ventriglio A., Tribe R. (eds) Mental Health, Mental Illness and Migration. Mental Health and Illness Worldwide. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0750-7_43-2
  4. Shrivastava S, Rai S and Sivakami M. 2021. Challenges for Pregnant Women Seeking Institutional Care During the COVID-19 Lockdown in India: A Content Analysis of Online News Reports. India Journal of Medical Ethics. Published online on January 18. https://ijme.in/articles/challenges-for-pregnant-women-seeking-institutional-care-during-the-covid-19-lockdown-in-india-a-content-analysis-of-online-news-reports/
  5. Ramani S, Gilson L, Sivakami M and Gawde N. 2020. Sometimes Resigned, Sometimes Conflicted and Mostly Risk Averse: Primary Care Doctors in India as Street Level Bureaucrats. International Journal of Health Policy Management. Published online on October 28.https://www.ijhpm.com/article_3942_824895aff03ff6201d6e4588ad426202.pdf
  6. Sankhe A, Laad P and Sivakami M. 2020. Subsidising Sanitary Napkins Alone Can’t Achieve Menstrual Health and Hygiene. The Wire. Published on August 20. https://thewire.in/health/sanitary-napkins-menstrual-health-hygiene
  7. Dutta M, Agarwal D and Sivakami M. 2020. The “Invisible” among the Marginalised: Do Gender and Intersectionality Matter in the COVID-19 Response? India Journal of Medical Ethics. Published online on August 14. https://ijme.in/articles/the-invisible-among-the-marginalised-do-gender-and-intersectionality-matter-in-the-covid-19-response/
  8. Shrivastava, S and Sivakami M 2020. Evidence and Gaps in Obstetric Violence in India: An Integrative Review. Journal of Biosocial Sciences. Vol. 52 (4). Published online on Nov 14, 2019.
  9. Singh V and Sivakami M. 2020. Normality, Freedom, and Distress: Listening to the Menopausal Experience of Indian Women of Haryana. In: Bobel C., Winkler I., Fahs B., Hasson K., Kissling E., Roberts TA. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Menstruation Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-981-15-0614-7_70
  10. Coope J, Barrett A, Brown B, Crossley M, Raghavan R, and Sivakami M. 2020. Resilence, Mental Health and Urban Migrants: A Narrative Review. International Jounral of Migration, Health and Social Care. Vol 16, No. 2. Pp.137-159. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-04-2019-0048
  11. Shrivastava S and Sivakami M. 2020. Obstetric Violence During COVID-19 Is yet Another Challenge for Indian Women. The Wire. Published on April 23. https://thewire.in/rights/women-covid-19-obstetric-violence
  12. Mishra N and Sivakami M. 2020. An Invisible Population in India’s Lockdown: – Organ Failure Patients. The Wire. Published on March 31. https://science.thewire.in/health/coronavirus-lockdown-organ-transplant-kidney-failure-medicines-supply-care/
  13. Ramani S and Sivakami M. 2019. Community Perspectives on Primary Health Centers in Rural Maharashtra: What can We Learn for Policy? Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. Vol. 8 (9).
  14. Rai S and Sivakami M. 2019. PM Modi is Worried about Population Explosion, a Problem Set to Go Away in 2021. The Wire. Published on Aug 20. https://thewire.in/health/independence-day-speech-population-explosion-family-planning-female-sterilisation-gender
  15. Menon P and Sivakami M. 2019. Exploring Parental Perceptions and Concerns about Sexuality and Reproductive Health of their Child with Intellectual and Developmental Disability in Mumbai. Frontiers in Sociology. Published online on Aug 20. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsoc.2019.00058/full
  16. Babu B V, Sharma Y, Sivakami M, et al. 2019. Patient Experiences and Health System Responsiveness Among Internal Migrants: A nationwide Study in 13 Indian Cities. Journal of Healthcare Quality Research. Vol. 34 (4).
  17. van Eijk AM, Zulaika G, Lenchner M, Linda, M and Sivakami M et al. 2019. Menstrual Cup Use, Leakage, Safety, and Availability: A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis. The Lancet Public Health. Published on July 16, 2019. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30111-2.
  18. Ramani S, Sivakami M, and Gilson  L. 2019. How Context Affects Implementation of the Primary Health Care Approach: An Analysis of What Happened to Primary Health Centres in India. BMJ Global Health. Published online on July 4.
  19. Sivakami M and Rai S. 2019. What Do We Know About Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youth in India: A Synthesis of Literature. In S. Bharat and G. Sethi (eds.) Health and Wellbeing of India's Young People: Challenges and Prospects. New Delhi. Springer.
  20. Gawde NC, Sivakami M and Babu BV. 2017-2018. Migration and Child Immunisation in Mumbai, India. The Journal of Family Welfare. Vol. 60 Special Issue.
  21. Almeida A and Sivakami M. 2019. Menstrual Hygiene Management and Reproductive Tract Infections: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban India. Waterlines. Vol. 38 (2).
  22. Sinimole K R, Paul B G D, and Sivakami M. 2019. Does Healthcare Systemin Kerala Need a Change? Emerging Patterns of Morbidity and Hospitalisation. Artha Vijnana. Vol. 61 (1).
  23. Sivakami M and Others. 2019. Global Adult Tobacco Survey Second Round: India 2016–17, https://mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/GlobaltobacoJune2018.pdf, Mumbai: Tata Institute of Social Sciences, 2018 (one of the co-authors).
  24. Sivakami M, van Eijk AM, Thakur H et al. 2019. Effect of Menstruation on Girls and their Schooling, and Facilitators of Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools: Surveys in Government Schools in Three States in India, 2015. Jounral of Global Health. Published first online on Dec 7, 2018.
  25. Sharma S and Sivakami M. 2019. Sexual and Reproductive Health Concerns of Persons with Disability in India-An Issue of Deep-rooted Silence. Journal of Biosocial Science.Vol 53 (2). Publised first online on May 19, 2018.
  26. Adithyan S, Shroff H, Sivakami M and Jacob J. 2018. Body Image Dissatisfaction in Adolescents from Rural Tamil Nadu, India. The Indian Journal of Social Work (IJSW). Vol. 79 (3)
  27. Kavita N and Sivakami M. 2018. Social Inequality and Health of Women and Children in Southern States, India. In K. Anil Kumar and R. Bisht (Eds.), Reproductive and Child Health in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges, Chennai: Notion Press, 2018.
  28. Babu B V, Sharma Y, Kusuma Y S, Sivakami M, et al. 2018. Internal Migrants' Experiences with and Perceptions of Frontline Health Workers: A Nationwide Study in 13 Indian Cities. The International Jounral of Health Planning and Management. Published online on May 9.
  29. Linda M, Sivakami M, Thakur H et al. 2017. ‘We Do Not Know’: A Qualitative Study Exploring Boys Perceptions of Menstruation in India.BMC: Reproductive Health. Vol. 14 (174).
  30. Thappa P and Sivakami M. 2017. Lost in Transition: Menstrual Experiences of Intellectually Disabled School-going Adolescents in Delhi, India. Waterlines. Vol 36 (4).
  31. Ler P, Sivakami M and Monarrez-Espino, Joel. 2017. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence Among Young Women Aged 15 to 24 Years in India – A Social-ecological Approach. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Published online on July 13.
  32. Adithyan S, Sivakami M and Jacob J. 2017. Positive and Negative Impacts on Caregivers of Children with Intellectual Disability. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development. Vol 28 (2).
  33. Babu B V, Kusuma Y S, Sivakami M, et al. 2017. Living Conditions of Internal Labor Migrants: A Nationwide Study in 13 Indian Cities. Inernational Journal of Migration and Border Studies. Vol. 3 (4).
  34. Gawde NC, Sivakami M and Babu, BV. 2016Utilisation of Maternal Health Services Among Internal Migrants in Mumbai, India. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, Vol. 48 (6).
  35. Gupta A and Sivakami M. 2016. Health and Healthcare Seeking Behaviour Among Transgender in Mumbai: Beyond the Paradigm of HIV/AIDS. Social Science Spectrum, Vol. 2 (1).
  36. van Eijk AM, Sivakami M, Thakkar MB, et al. 2016. Menstrual Hygiene Management Among Adolescent Girls in India: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. BMJ Open, Vol. 6 (3).

  37. Adithyan S, Sivakami M, and Jacob J. 2016. Impact on Families Having Children with Intellectual Disability and Straegies for Empowering their Parents. In S K Maithily (Ed.), Inclusion of Children with Disabilities: Challenges and Concern. New Delhi: Excel India Publishers.
  38. Behera D, Sivakami M, and Behera, M R. 2015. Menarche and Menstruation in Rural Adolescent Girls in Maharashtra: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Health Management, Vol. 17 (4).

  39. Gawde NC, Sivakami, M and Babu, BV. 2015. Building Partnership to Improve Migrants’ Access to Healthcare in Mumbai. Frontiers in Public Health, 3:255. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00255.

  40. Pati A and Sivakami, M. 2015. Mothers’ Hygiene Behaviour and Beliefs About Diarrhoea: A Case Study of a District in Eastern India. Social Science Spectrum, Vol. 1 (1).

  41. Singh V and Sivakami, M. 2014. Menopause: Midlife Experiences of Low Socio-economic Strata Women in Haryana. Sociological Bulletin, Vol. 63 (2).

  42. Sivakami M. 2011. Does Utilisation of Maternal Health Care Services Vary Across Regions in Karnataka? Evidence from the District Level Household Survey, 2002-2004. In S C Gulati (Eds). Population, Health and Human Resources in India's Development. Academic Foundation, New Delhi.

  43. Sivakami M. 2010. Are Working Mothers in South India Investing Less Time in the Next Generation? Asian Population Studies, Vol 6 (1). 



Book Published 

  1. Syamala, T.S and Sivakami, M. (2011) Menopause: An Emerging Issue in India. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH and Co. Germany.

Current Projects

  1. Mental Health Literacy in Urban and Rural Communities in Kerala, India: An Interdisciplinary Approach Using Applied Theatre Methodology (MeHeLP India) (International Interdisciplinary Project with Prof. Raghu Raghavan, De Montfort University and others, UK, and Dr. Asha Banu Soletti, TISS)

    • Funding: ESRC-AHRC-GCRF, UK.
    • Involvement in the project: Co-Investigator.
    • Duration of the project: From September 2018 to February 2021 (30 months)

  Completed Projects at TISS, Mumbai 

  1. Exploring Mental Health and Resilience Narratives of Internal Migrants in India Using Community Theater Methodology (International Interdisciplinary Project with Prof. Raghu Ragavan, De Montfort University and others, UK, and Dr. Nilesh Gawde, TISS)

    • Funding: MRC-AHRC-GCRF, UK
    • Involvement in the project: Indian Principal Investigator
    • Duration of the project: From November 2017 to Jan 20 (27 months)
  2. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (India 2) (with Prof. T Sundararaman, Dr. Priyanka Dixit, Dr. Nilesh D Gawde, Dr. Hemal Shroff and Dr. V Gowri)

    • Funding: MoHFW, Government of India, WHO and CDC Foundation
    • Involvement in the project: One of the Core Team Memebers
    • Duration: From January 2016 to June 2017
  3. Review of Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools in India (with Penelope Penelope Phillips-Howard, LSTM, UK, Prof. Harshad Thakur and Dr. Narendra Kakede, TISS)

    • Funding: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), Liverpool, UK
    • Involvement in the project: Co-Principal Investigator
    • Duration: From February 2015 to June 2016
  4. Migration, Vulnerability and Access to health Care in Mumbai Metro City (with Dr. Nilesh  Gawde, TISS).
    • Duration: From July 2011-June 2015, (three years)
    • Funding: Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi
    • Involvement in the project: Principal Investigator
  5. Reversing Son Preference: A Study of Contributory Factors (with Dr. R. Nagarajan and Dr. Anjali Radkar, in Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE), Pune).
    • Duration: From Nov 2012 to Sep 2014.
    • Funding: UNFPA (Through GIPE)
    • Involvement in the project: One of the Lead Researchers


Projects completed in the past at Population Research Center, Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore between 2002-May 2010 

Involvement in Large Scale Surveys as a team  

  1. District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS) II: Karnataka and Kerala
    • Duration: From Jan 2002-2004
    • Funding: International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai
    • Involvement in the project:
      1. Faculty in-charge for field work in Kerala (along with Prof. KNM Raju, PI)
      2. Faculty in-charge for report writing for seven districts (along with Prof. KNM Raju, PI) 
  1. National Family Health Survey (NFHS)- III: Karnataka (2005-2006)
  • Duration: From Jan 2004-2005
  • Funding: International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai
  • Involvement in the project: Faculty in-charge for Data Management (along with Prof. K S James, PI)


Completed Project as PI and Co-PI at Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore between 2002-May 2010 

  1. The Impact of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) on Maternal and Child Healthcare in India
    • Duration: From January 2008-May 2009 (One year).
    • Funding: Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore.
    • Involvement in the project: Principal Investigator 
  1. Determinant of Maternal Health Care Service in Karnataka: A Regional Analysis.
    • Duration: From Nov 2006 -April 2008 (One year eight months).
    • Funding: Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore.
    • Involvement in the project: Principal Investigator 
  1. Functioning of Ultrasound Sonography Centres in Karnataka, India (with Dr. T.S. Syamala).
    • Duration: From June 2004 to May 2005, (One year).
    • Funding: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi
    • Involvement in the project: Principal Investigator 
  1. Menopause: An Emerging Issue in India (with Dr. T.S Syamala).
    • Duration: From January 2003 to August 2004 (One year eight months).
    • Funding: Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore.
    • Involvement in the project: Co-Principal Investigator 
  1. Pilot Project on Maternal Mortality in Karnataka (with Dr. T.S. Syamala)
    • Duration: From January 2003 to August 2003 (Eight months).
    • Funding: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi
    • Involvement in the project: Co-Principal Investigator



  • Post-Graduate Level
    • Research Methodology-Quantitative Methods
    • Health and Population in Transitional and Developing Societies
    • Gender, Health and Rights 
  • Mphil (Pre-Doctoral) Level
    • Gender and Health
    • Population, Health and Development

Email: sivakami[at]tiss[dot]edu