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Prof Vijay Raghavan

Professor , Mumbai campus

Centre for Criminology and Justice , School of Social Work - Mumbai Campus

M.A. (TISS), Ph.D. (TISS)

Vijay Raghavan, MA in Social Work with Specialisation in Criminology and Correctional Administration (TISS) and Ph.D. in Social Work (TISS)

Working with the Centre for Criminology and Justice (CCJ), School of Social Work, TISS, since 2005, and currently as a Professor with the Centre

Prior to 2005, Project Director, Prayas: Social Work in Criminal Justice, a field action project of the CCJ, engaging with issues of protection of legal rights and social re-entry of criminal justice clients, with a special focus on women, children and youth. Part of Prayas since 1990, as its first social worker and continues his involvement with it till date, as faculty-in-charge

Nominated by TISS in 1995 to participate in the six-week Gender Planning Training Project (GPTP) organized by the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, U.K. and the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Administration Academy, Mussoorie, as part of the Uttar Pradesh team to develop and implement a Gender Sensitisation Training Module for police officers

Member of the Police-TISS Committee set up by the Director General of Police, Maharashtra, in 1993, on “Need for a Cadre of Trained Social Workers in the Criminal Justice System”

Involved in training of police, prison and judicial officers both at the state and national level on issues such as gender, human rights, prisoners’ rights, correctional laws, anti-trafficking, and re-entry of crime affected persons

Member, State Inter-Departmental Committee on Prisoners, Maharashtra; State Advisory Committee on Prevention of Immoral Trafficking, Maharashtra

Member, Justice Dharmadhikari Committee on Prevention of Atrocities against Women and Law, Maharashtra (2011-14); and Justice Radhakrishnan Committee on Prison Reforms, Maharashtra (2017-18)

Chairperson, Board of Studies, Department of Social Work, SNDT University, Mumbai

Member, Board of Studies, College of Social Work, Nirmala Niketan, Mumbai University

Member, Board of Studies, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Manonmanian Sundarnar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu

Member, Executive Council, Indian Society of Criminology

Member, Core Group on Women and Core Advisory Group on Criminal Justice System Reforms, National Human Rights Commission, Delhi

Member, Monitoring Committee on Developing Prison Training Manuals, Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI

Member, Advisory Committee for Implementation of Recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee on Women in Detention, Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI

Associate Editor, Journal of Human Trafficking

Member, Editorial Board, Howard Journal of Crime and Justice

Senior Scholar Member, Global Association of Human Trafficking Scholars

Receipient of the 'Influential Scholar Award' at the International Human Trafficking and Social Justice Conference 2021

Primary research interests include access to justice and prison reforms, social work practice in criminal justice, human trafficking, youth offender studies, rehabilitation of custodial populations, homelessness and penalisation of poverty, and implementation of correctional laws.

Some recent research projects (completed and ongoing)

Rapid Needs Assessment Survey of Criminal Justice Affected Persons and their Families, 2021 (As part of Prayas Team)

National Research Study on Human Trafficking in India, 2019 (report submitted to Ministry of Women and Child Development, GOI).

Scoping Study on Social Work Intervention in Maharashtra Prisons, 2018

Making Street Children Matter: A Census Study in Mumbai, 2014

Socio-Economic Profile and Rehabilitation Needs of Muslims Community in Prisons in Maharashtra, 2011



Recent publications:

Raghavan, V. and Daruwala, M. (2021). The urgent need for reform in India’s prison system, Hindustan Times (September 27, 2021). Accessed from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/the-urgent-need-for-reform-in-india-s-prison-system-101632740025847.html

Raghavan, V. (2021). Keep the cops away from prisons, Indian Express (March, 6, 2021). Accessed from: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/uttarakhand-prison-head-appointment-police-officers-7216164/

Tong, V. and Raghavan, V. (2021). Mental health in prisons, a long neglected crisis, The Citizen, Centre for Mental Health and Policy, January 10, 2021. Accessed from: https://www.thecitizen.in/index.php/en/NewsDetail/index/15/19859/Mental-Health-in-Prisons-a-Long-Neglected-Crisis

Tong, V. and Raghavan, V. (2021). The role of gender in the lives of women offenders with mental illness, The Citizen, Centre for Mental Health and Policy, January 28, 2021. Accessed from: https://www.thecitizen.in/index.php/en/NewsDetail/index/15/19935/The-Role-of-Gender-in-the-Lives-of-Women-Offenders-with-Mental-Illness-

Daruwala, M. and Raghavan, V. (2020). Systemic neglect ensures and prisons act as warehouses for the marginalised, Indian Express, December 28, 2021. Accessed from:
Menezes, S. and Raghavan, V. (2020). Claim making processes in criminal justice social work in India, British Journal of Social Work, Issue 50, (December 3, 2020), pp. 2405-2422. doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bcaa198

Dhanuka, M. and Raghavan, V. (2020). Covid-19: Ensure prisons do not turn into a fertile ground for the virus, Hindustan Times, June 6, 2020. Accessed from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/covid-19-ensure-prisons-do-not-turn-into-a-fertile-ground-for-the-virus/story-MVJdQa0f2GwwyCojTwQA3L.html

Raghavan, V. and Tarique, M. (2020). India’s jails are vastly overcrowded. Here are some ways to protect inmates from Covid-19, Scroll.in, April 8, 2020. Accessed from: https://scroll.in/article/958334/indias-jails-are-vastly-overcrowded-here-are-some-ways-to-protect-inmates-from-covid-19

Raghavan, V. (2020). Prisons and the pandemic: The panoptican plays out, Journal of Social and Economic Development, December 7, 2020. Accessed from https://doi.org/10.1007/s40847-020-00127-9

Konch, P. and Raghavan, V. (2020). Gender issues in policing: Perspectives and perceptions, Indian Police Journal, Vol. 67, No. 3 (July-September 2020), pp. 46-51.

Menezes, S., Shah, K., Raghavan, V. and Tumma, D. (2020). Stigma and marginalisation meet disaster: Women’s stories of distress and agency, Journal of Exclusion Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2 (August 2020),  pp. 77-90. Accessed from: DOI: 10.5958/2231-4555.2020.00007.8

Raghavan, V. (2020). Delays in the Criminal Justice Process: Consequences for Undertrial Prisoners and Their Families, Justice Frustrated: The Systemic Impact of Delays in Indian Courts, (Eds.) Vidyasagar, S., Naik, S. and Narsappa, H., New Delhi: Bloomsbury India

Raghavan, V. (2020). Impacts of stereotyping on the criminal justice system. Book Review: Shadows of doubt: Stereotypes, crime and pursuit of justice, by Brenden O’Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019; ppxi + 372, $27.95. In Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. LV, No 18, May 2, 2020.

Praveen Kumar and Raghavan, V. (2020). A study of liquor ban arrests: Under trial prisoners in Bihar. In Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 55, Issue 7 (Fenruary 15, 2020), pp. 38-41. 

Menezes, S. and Raghavan, V. (2019). Criminal justice social work in India: Conceptualising from teaching and practice. In Indigenizing social work practice in India, (Eds.) Popli Ushvinder kaur and Singh, Ashvini Kumar, New Delhi: Bloomsbury India.

Prison reforms crucial to refining the justice system:


Examining prisoners’ rights at election time:


Mark E. Courtney, Suo Deng, Anjali Dave, Vijay Raghavan, and Bong Joo Lee. (2019). The transition to adulthood for marginalized youth. In Social exclusion in cross-national perspective (Eds.) Robert J. Chaskin, Bong Joo Lee, and Surinder Jaswal, New York: Oxford University Press.

CCJ and ICA. (2018). Handbook on government schemes for prison officers: Towards integration and inclusive governance

Tarique, M. and Raghavan, V. (2018). Penalising poverty: A case of the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959. In Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. LIII, No. 22 (June 2, 2018), pp. 26-30.

Vineetha, S. and Raghavan, V. (2018). Vocational training in Indian prisons. In In Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. LIII, No. 16 (April 21, 2018), pp. 36-41.

Raghavan, V. (2018). The criminal inside us: Violence against women. In The Equator Line 22, Vol. 6, Issue 1 (January-March, 2018), pp. 28-40.

Raghavan, V. (2017). Exploring the underworld: Some methodological challenges. In Knowing the social world: Perspectives and possibilities, Jayaram, N. (Ed.), pp. 191-207, Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan Pvt. Ltd.

Raghavan, V. and Menezes, S. (2017). Prayas. Demonstrating Criminal Justice Social Work. In Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. 78 (2) (April 2017), pp. 225-254.

Raghavan, V. and Tarique, M. (2017). Koshish. The Homeless and the Destitute Matter. In Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. 78 (2) (April 2017), pp. 283-308.

Raghavan,  V., & Mishra, S. (2017). The influence of social work within the  Indian criminal justice system: A crticial overview. In Demystifying criminal justice social work in India, M. D. Chong  & A. P. Francis (Eds.), pp.3-32, New Delhi: Sage Publications

Nair,  R., & Raghavan, V. (2017). Reviving criminal justice social work  through probation in India: Historical solutions to contemporary  problems. In Demystifying criminal justice social work in India, M. D. Chong & A. P. Francis (Eds.), pp.127-144, New Delhi: Sage Publications

Bokil, M. And Raghavan, V. (2016). Women and children as victims and offenders: A case of de-notified tribes in India. In Women and children as victims and offenders: Background, prevention, reintegration (Vol.I), Kury, H., Redo, S., and Shea, E. pp. 755-790, Zurich: Springer International Publishing

Raghavan V. (2016). Under trial prisoners: Long wait for justice. In Economic and Political Weekly, Vol LI (4), January 23, pp. 17-19.

Raghavan, V. and Mishra, S. (2015): A situational analysis of minority communities among nomadic and de-notified tribes: A study of Maharashtra, Mumbai: TISS

Raghavan, V. and Mishra, S. (2015). Modernisation of traditional skills among OBCs: Livelihood programmes for nomadic, semi-nomadic and de-notified communities in Maharashtra, Mumbai: TISS

Raghavan, V. (2015). Indian criminal justice system: Voices from field. In Indian Police Journal, Vol. LXII (1), pp. 4-15.

YouTube Links:













Association with Field Action Projects:

1. Prayas


2. Koshish





Courses currently teaching:

1. Social Work Practice with Groups (2 Credits)

2. Criminology: Trends and Perspectives (2 Credits)

3. Contemporary Debates in Criminal Justice (2 Credits)

4. Critical Perspectives on Social Work: Introduction to Social Theories (2 credits)



Email: vijay.r[at]tiss[dot]edu

Phone: +91-22-25525461